Apart from this, the policy also makes the users aware about the information which the website stores on their computer, smartphone or any other device which they are using to access the website.
The users are free to consent the terms and conditions of the policy or not, depending on their wishes. If they accept, they are allowed to probe further into the site whilst on denying the customer is redirected to another web page or back to the search results where they started from.
The History and Uses
Cookies are stored as small text files that websites store on people’s computers to access some basic data when the users visit or return to the site.
Every time that the user returns, the website accesses the files required to remember the device used to access the site the first time. This remembrance is then used by the website for numerous purposes to alleviate the efforts the user as well the website.
One of the well-known examples of cookie usage is the login information stored on the computers of the users. Whenever a user creates an account associated with a website, the login details such as username, password etc.are stored on the user’s personal computer. Whenever the user returns to the same site, he does not need to enter his login details thereafter, as long as the cookies are retained in his computer.
- The definition or explanation of cookies
- The type of cookies being used by you as well as any third party involved
- How users can choose to not allow cookies to be placed on their devices.
Almost all of the policies are presented to by a notification or a banner which appears in the center of the screen. They restrict any further access to the website until the user makes a choice of accepting orrefusing the terms.
- Next, the template explains the user about the function of the cookies used by the website.
The whole template is performed in a Q&A format so that the customer can easily understand the entire policy.
The EU Cookie Legislation requires users to perform the four basic functions which have been aforementioned. These include:
- letting users know about the usage of cookies
- providing detailed information about the modus operandi of utilizing cookie data
The Mandatory Cookies Exception
However, the EU is also well aware of the fact not all cookies require the consent of the user. On the contrary, these cookies are a predominant factor in the proper functioning of the website. These cookies have the tag of being strictly necessary to fulfill the site functions.
The EU understands this. Hence, they make an exception for such cookies when they are being stored on a computer.
The best example of strictly necessary cookies is witnessed in the realm of online retail. Often, customers add products to their carts which they intend to purchase at a later date. Bearing in mind that they would purchase the goods, they would be highly dismayed if they don’t find the products in their shopping cart. Subsequently, they would need to find the same goods again.
This, in turn,would lead to a lot of hassles.
Due to this, it is mandatory for such sites to store cookies on the customer’s customer. Opting out of cookies on such sites would be equivalent to not visiting the site at all. And asking for customers whether they want to opt for cookies in such sites would be equivalent to asking whether need water for survival.
However, the mandatory Cookie Law lies in a gray area. It is still very far from being perfectly defined. EU guidelines mention that strictly necessary cookies should not be prevented storage as they are stored only for the purpose of carrying out communications over an electronic network. These cookies are necessary for the website to provide a service requested by the user himself.
Google Analytics is a free analytics tool provided by Google for performing statistical and basic analytical functions. One of the most used functions of the Analytics tool is in search engine optimization and marketing.
The tool can help users to check out various important statistical data such as website traffic, geographic locations of users etc. The service can also incorporate AdWords, another service by Google, to provide exemplary advertising capabilities.
People who use Google Analytics need to take care of a few aspects of the EU Cookies Directive in order to stay compliant. These are:
- A banner or a notification informing users about the usage of cookies
- Receiving consent from users
- Providing users with a method to opt out of receiving cookies
GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation. All transactions generated by customers under the European Union are protected by the GDPR.
The GDPR says that when natural persons are associated with online identifiers such as IP addresses or cookies, the data generated can be considered as personal data. This is because the data can be used to associate profiles with natural persons.
Due to this, the GDPR gives users the right to receive information on the data being stored. The information includes:
- The data being registered about them at all times.
- Use of the data that is being stored
- The destination point of the data
- Cookies operate behind the scenes. They are hidden to the degreethat most website owners don’t have any idea about them.
- A lot of cookies are usually developed by third parties. Only a minuscule number of cookies emergefrom the website itself.
- Types of Cookies – Next, explain the type of cookies used on the website. There could be multiple counts of cookies being used on your website such as first-party cookies, third-party cookies, session cookies etc.
- Describe how the user can control the cookies – Make sure that you allow the user to be the final determiner for the cookie usage. Allow them the functionality to delete the cookies, if they wish to do so. Provide instructions on deleting or blocking cookies. However, you should make it known that doing socould severely restrict various features prevalent on the site.
Cookie Statements for Website
A few cookie statements which website owners frequently make use of are:
- The cookie filesbeing stored allows your devices to be recognizedand make your visit to the site a lot easier. In turn, our Service can become more useful to you.
- The cookies are used for the following purposes:
- To enable certain functions of our service.
- To provide analytics.
- To store your preferences.
- To enable advertisements.
- Iubenda – Iubenda is an online policy generator which takes over the legal requirements of a website and makes them compliant with the EU and other such legislation.
Link – https://www.iubenda.com/en/
Link – https://getterms.io/
Link – https://termageddon.com/
The users are free to consent the terms and conditions of the policy or not, depending on their wishes. If they accept, they are allowed to probe further into the site. On denying, they are directed back to the search results where they started from.
Ans. The US does not have any pre-defined Cookie Law. Due to this, a majority of US websites do not need to act in accordance with any regulations. That is, unless, the websites have a target audience in Europe or any other country which lies under the EU regulations.
Q4. Are cookies personal data?
Ans. Cookies can be personal data. In accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation, even if online identifiers do not directly associate themselves with an individual, they will be considered personal data if there is a potential for the individual to be identified. Any cookie that identifies the device on which it is stored fits the criteria for personal data.
Q5. What are cookies in technology terms?
Ans. Cookies are small data files which are rendered by a website. It performs the function of remembering all information linking you to the website accessed. This can be compared to a preference file which is created by software applications.
Different types of cookies perform different functions, however, the most notable functions are of storing login information preventing you from entering it every time that you access the website.
Q6. Are cookies from the Internet bad for you?
Ans. Internet Cookies are neither bad nor good. They are just means by which the Internet works.Cookies help in the proper functioning of a website so that the user can exploit itsmaximum capabilities.
Q7. Are cookies harmful to your computer?
Ans. Cookies are installed as text files on the computer by the website. These are not viruses, malware or other malicious software which can harm the computer.
Q8. Are cookies safe?
Ans. Cookies are not safe by themselves. However, websites usually encrypt the data on these cookies so that they are readable only by the website and no-one else.
Q9. Is accepting cookies from the Internet alright?
Ans. It is completely OK to accept cookies and you don’t exactly need to be selective about it. As aforementioned, cookies aren’t exactly viruses or malware which form to be threats. Apart from this, cookies are text files which can be deleted if you wish.
Q10. What can cookies do?
Ans. Cookies are text files containing information that is stored in the browser. These cookies can help in remembering the information about a certain website such as cart details from an online retail website.
Q11. How do I eliminate cookies?
Ans. Cookies are stored in the web browser itself. So, the web browser provides options to delete or eliminate the cookies too. You can easily delete the cookies using the delete browsing history option which has a check-box for deleting cookies. Checking this option will remove all the cookies.
Q13. Does GDPR require cookie consent?
Ans. The passing of Directive 2009/136/EC came to be known as the Cookie Law. According to the policy, websites need to obtain consent from their web visitors before they can store or retrieve information on or from a visitor’s computer.
Q16. What does cookie consent mean?
Ans. Cookie consent refers to the process which you undergo to obtain consent from your visitors for storing cookies on their device.
Q17. What does the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations of the year 2003 state?
Ans. According to the Privacy and Electronic Communication Regulations 2003, it is unlawful to use any form of user data, such as automated recorded message, without the prior consent of the user.