Psychology debriefing is a process in which an individual is asked a series of question about a task that is completed. It helps individual to explain the completed work in an order based on the designed questions. It is also used these days to relieve stress by treating people with psychological disturbances.

Yes, we are not going to explain any science behind this process but would like to let you know that we provide templates. As a psychologist, you may require these templates for helping individual get out of a problem. Even as a research company you may require these templates to record all details about an experiment conducted. After completing psychological research which involves human you need to ask them a semi-structured and structured interview to discuss all components of the study.

Adding on to it we not only provide templates but also some details about the debriefing process, some sample questions, few examples etc. You can download these templates for free and use for your report writing purposes.

Welcome, all those who visited us with the hope of getting psychology debrief template and details related to it. Let us crack one by one at a time and understand all the details.

How To Write A Debriefing Statement

First, we shall begin from the basics and it’s simple which you will realize at the end. Every expert psychologist will find these 10 tips to make a perfect debriefing statement.

  1. Begin with a thank you note to the participant who agreed to the debriefing process. You can also keep this at the end and choice is yours.
  2. Use a very simple language and let it be non-technical, do not complicate including many jargons. If technical terms are a must, then explain them to make participant get clarity.
  3. Give a title to the statement.
  4. Write the questions and issues that made you initiate this research. Also, give a gist of the background that led to the research questions.
  5. Go with the logic of the study. To be more precise include the experimental condition and the way how it got related to your hypotheses.
  6. Explain how you managed to address the hypothesis using the data collected from the participants.
  7. State about the chances to withdraw the details from the study.
  8. State about the ways to provide the results of the study. You can let them know that they can contact your email requesting for the report, finding, or the summary.
  9. IRB grievance contact details to be mentioned in case if someone wants to raise any ethical concerns. IRB – institutional review board.
  10. References for further studies.

So you need to write a debrief statement following these simple 10 pointers addressing one by one.

What Should A Psychology Debrief Include

Now, that you know how to write a statement the extension of it is to know what to include in psychology debrief. Let me first agree that both these sections are interlinked and not much different from one another. So don’t worry if there is an information overloading.

We assure you to go deep inside and answer this question so that you can write a statement using the previous para and make it clear by including all details after understanding the why and how from this para.

Two main sections of a debrief include the Procedure Section and the Risk Section

Procedure SectionProvide the right justification for using the deception in your study. Give prior evidence supporting the need for deception and how it helps in achieving the goal of your research. Make sure to confirm that none of the deceptions will create any negative impact on the subjects (participants) attitude.

Give detail about the debrief process in this section to the consents (subjects). Tell them who will debrief, why debriefing required, how it will be done etc. This will ease the participant and they will cooperate throughout the process.

Risk SectionGive written assurance that the debriefing will not affect the subject in any manner. This is a debriefing to either study about research or to help an individual get out of stress. It is not to put down any person or to embarrass. Also, give them confidence by explaining how the risk would be minimized throughout the process of debriefing sessions.

SummaryExplain what was studied, who was deceived, how they were deceived, and why deception required was. Conclude how the results were evaluated after the debriefing process.

What Is A Debriefing Form

It is a form that records the performance of the speech provided by the participant after completing a study or when deciding to leave in the middle. With some pointers, we will explain the right to approach writing this form. Let’s explore all topics to be covered in this form.


First, give a title to the form matching your study. Then thank the participant and give the purpose of the study.

Procedure and Risk

Now invite people who match the selection criteria and explain why they fit the experiment. Also, mention the reason how these participants fit the study purpose. Finally, elaborate the risk factors you foresee after completing the study.

Contact details and References

Provide the communication details of the researcher or the counsellor to let readers contact them for any clarification. Give some reference at the end of the study and remember they should be non-technical easily understood by the consents.

Sample Debriefing Script

To make things more clear we are herewith giving a sample debriefing script with an example. Use this as a reference to fill the form. I will write as if this is a real script. Refer above section to know the format.

How to Control Unwanted Thoughts

We thank all the participants for providing consent to take part in this experiment. (Optional mention names here or at the end).

Procedure – Grouped the participants with one task for each group. Group 1 must think of snake for a minute and then suppress the thought alternating the same for 5 minutes. Group 2 will do the exact opposite. Suppresses thought and then think. In the process, they will record their thoughts by words using a tape recorder.

Debriefing Questions and Hypothesis – The recording will have snake prompted for a minute and suppression for another minute. It is observed that even during suppression thoughts have arisen.

Questions were asked to participants about why thoughts came during suppression and related questions to understand the ways to control unwanted thoughts.

Importance of the studyThis study will help the individual to know why one is unable to control thoughts. How can it be controlled?

Contact XYZ for clarifications and detailed summary of the study. Refer these books for better understanding.

Examples Of Debriefing Questions

Debriefing can be successfully done when you ask the right questions. So let us understand what those key questions are. Every situation is mind related and hence you can debrief by asking these questions framing right sentence based on the issue, study, problem, event, incident etc.

First, start with the what and your list of questions

  • What is the problem?
  • What are you trying to do?
  • What happened actually?
  • What is your role in the action?
  • What did you learn from this?
  • What will you do next time after you learnt a lesson from this?

Next, the when questions to make you analyze deeply.

  • When did the problem begin or when you think it started?
  • When did you realize that you need to attend this to resolve this?
  • When did you find some solutions?

Finally, how questions

  • How can you solve this?
  • How should you interpret next time not to get into such issues?
  • How to support yourself and others this time?
  • How will you make use of this learning in the future?

These set of questions will certainly make the person think and thus debriefing will be effective. It is good to get a solution from the person affected and not to force anything from your end.

Why Is Debriefing Important In Psychology 


Debriefing helps in psychology to study ethical problems including deception, handling stress, getting out of confusions, dealing with harmful thoughts etc. In a nutshell, debriefing helps to remove negative thoughts and build confidence.

In research studies debriefing helps to get all the information from the participant. Psychology studies are with human subjects and hence asking them the right debriefing questions will uncover all details. It will help once achieve success in the experiment. It is not only important to investigate but equally important to record the study and debriefing paves the way to achieve this.

What Is A Debriefing Report

A report submitted by the person who conducted debriefing is called the debriefing report. This person could be a psychologist, counsellor, a spy, or any person appointed to understand details upon completion of a mission or to solve an issue. The report is written after asking extensive questions to the participant. A thorough analysis is carried out before drafting the report.

How To Write A Debrief Report

Debrief report must have the details of the participant at the beginning. The details of the person who conducted the debrief at the end of the report. The middle part of the report is the important section which will have the debrief questions and the answers.

Debrief report will have the following sections and questions in each section.


Past – What happened before the session? / problem part explained

Result – What was the result of the session/consequences of the debrief

Obstacle – Was there any obstacle during the testing and what were they, how they were resolved.

Outlook – Anything pending to be done?

Feelings – Opinion of the tester.

What Is A Debriefing In Counseling

In order to resolve an issue, tackle a problem and help human to get out of stress counselling is conducted by a psychologist. Debriefing is a method in which the psychologist will have a set of structured questions to be asked to the patient. The aim of this debriefing is to ease the situation and find a solution to the problem nagging the patient.

In summary, the set of questions asked by the psychologist will help the individual to think and cope up with the stress.

What Is Peer Debriefing

Analytic triangulation which is the other name for peer debriefing is the process in which the researcher calls a peer who is no way related to that particular research project. This person will be questioned to understand his point of view about the project. Since this person is not involved in the research the answers given by him will help the researcher to think from a new dimension.

Peer debriefing is a healthy process to handle criticism about the research before the study is completed. People who have either no knowledge or partial awareness of the investigation. Sometimes to make the research more effective the peer debriefing is conducted with the peer who is totally disinterested about the research.

What Is Debriefing In The Workplace

To handle workplace crisis and emotional incidents debriefing is done in the workplace. An abnormal event can be made to a perspective by making a structured debriefing questionnaire which allows every person to think.

Every worker will get some insight about the event and will allow them to think to resolve the same in a constructive manner. Same debriefing question will be answered in different ways by the workers which will help arrive at a common

How Does Debriefing Help

Debriefing at the workplace helps in the following manner

  1. It allows workers to understand the sequence of event.
  2. The cause and consequence of the event.
  3. Experience of each individual.
  4. Memories if any triggered because of the incident.
  5. Best way to manage emotions in the

What Is Debriefing In Social Work

Debriefing in social work allows social workers to resolve the emotional and traumatic situation by asking questions. Social workers work with the goal of helping people with stress and many critical health issues. Even they work towards bringing harmony and peace to a community who got affected by natural and man-made disasters. The debriefing is a process with a set of structured questions which will let them understand the problem and provide relief to the affected person or society.

What Is Stress Debriefing

Stress is an emotional disturbance that affects individual short-term or long-term. Even little stress over a period could drive an individual to commit suicide. Therefore stress debriefing plays a vital role in helping people cope with stress and overcome the same.

7 step critical stress debriefing process

Critical stress could be due to the sudden death of a close relation like child, spouse etc. Serious injury due to an accident etc.

  1. Assessing the force of the stress
  2. Identifying the problems surrounding this issue that includes security and safety
  3. Using some defusing process to help individual vent out their feelings.
  4. Predicting the behaviour of the person and providing preventive solutions.
  5. Conduct one to many debriefing sessions to help the affected person overcome the stress.
  6. Ground the person and initiate the rebuilding process.
  7. Follow-up till the person recovers and becomes

What Is The Difference Between Briefing And Debriefing

The quick difference to briefing and debriefing is the former happens before an event occurs and the latter after the event has happened.

The briefing is the distribution of instruction and debriefing is a collection of details as the consequence of the conclusion of the activity.

The brief is giving instruction or explaining or providing information to prepare someone. Debrief is to ask questions to get better clarity of a study, problem or an event that is already finished.

What Is A Structured Debriefing

As the name implies, structured debriefing is a planned move. The situation is well-known and the person will prepare a set of questions to help the participant solve an issue if any. The problem will be highlighted in advance and the helper will analyze all details to prepare a questionnaire with the resolution to help the affected person.

It is an organized session in which the questions are framed in advance understanding the situation. The result of the session is expected to be successful as the required homework is done in advance.

What To Include In Standardised Instructions

A standardized instruction means a set of inputs given to each participant while debriefing is identical. This will avoid any bias in the debriefing process. All participants will be brought in a common platform and hence the result of the process can help solve the problem.

Include the following

  • Summary of the investigation
  • Duration
  • Knowledge about their freedom to leave
  • Confidential Data
  • Questions


Finally, we are coming to a closure of this debriefing article. We are glad that we provided some details about the psychology debrief its need, and the step wise process to make a report.

You can feel free to download the templates at no cost and help an individual in trouble or complete your research.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *